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A visit to Zhangjiajie could be a highlight of your China travels, and trying the exotic Hunan foods there can add to your enjoyment.
Hunan is known for its sour and sometimes wildly hot cuisine. If you can control the amount of chili heat and choose the kinds of dishes you enjoy, the delicious exotic meals and local snacks can add to your enjoyment of the wild and beautiful scenery.
In Zhangjiajie, you can enjoy both the Hunan-style food and the native ethnic Tujia cuisine with some unusual ingredients and flavors. Here are some tips to add to your enjoyment of the Zhangjiajie food and restaurants.
Hunan cuisine (also known as Xiang cuisine) is the cuisine of the Han Chinese people of Hunan Province. The Tujia minority people who live in Zhangjiajie have their own traditional style of food that features the excellent flavors of traditional Hunan cuisine with more spices, some exotic flavors, and more wild ingredients.
People describe Hunan cuisine as even hotter than the spicy red-hot flavors of Sichuan cuisine, but Hunan people use less of other spices than do the Sichuanese and prefer to flavor their dishes with sour ingredients such as vinegar, lemons, other citrus fruits, and pickles. It this way, it is reminiscent of Thai cuisine. Common cooking techniques include stewing, frying, pot-roasting, braising and smoking.
Tujia dishes are characterized by sour flavor and chili heat too, and they add more of other spices and herbs found in the area. Traditionally, they eat more wild game, and they gather herbs from the area for their exotic tastes. Their favorites are pickled and smoked dishes.
Their pickled dishes include pickled pepper, cabbage, ginger, meat, and fish. Their favorite smoked dishes include smoked pork, salted lamb, and salted beef.
The reason that both the Hunan Chinese and the Tujia prepare their food with a lot of red chili pepper and sour ingredients is that they follow the guidelines of Traditional Chinese Medicine. They believe the hot and sour flavor combination helps them to be healthy in their hot and humid climate. So if you want to understand why they choose the herbs and foods in their meals and snacks, see Traditional Chinese Medical Cuisine.
They use a different combination of ingredients in their dishes depending on the weather conditions and climate. For Zhangjiajie's humid climate that inhibits the evaporation of perspiration, they use the hot flavor of Chinese medicine. To help to digest fish, oils, and the calcium in food and hard water, the Tujia especially add a lot of sour flavor. For more information, see The 5 Key Flavors of Traditional Chinese Food.
For many people, trying the local dishes is an important part of travel. We suggest that while you are in Zhangjiajie, savor the Chinese and Tujia delicious fish dishes, taste some of the Tujia's exotic dishes made with wild herbs, lichen, and edible fungus, and try their soups made with a medicinal vegetable called Glastodia Elata. The Tujia brew a fragrant kind of green tea from tea leaves grown in the Zhangjiajie area.
If you want to try some local food in Zhangjiajie, here are some suggested common dishes and their Chinese names:
For vegetarians: Zhangjiajie is a small city with limited restaurant and cuisine choices. There are several restaurants that have vegetarian dishes to choose from including Tang Shifu Tujia Shifu in Wulingyuan District (see listing below), He Tian Yuan Restaurant (see listing below), and Wulingyuan Mr. Cat Restaurant, No.18 Tuofeng Road, Wulingyuan District.
In Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, there are only small restaurants scattered around each attraction. They serve simple local food. If you travel with us, our guide will select the best restaurants for you, or we will arrange picnic lunches based on your requirements. We can help you order vegetarian, no MSG, or other special dishes that you require.
There are more options in Wulingyuan Town, a small town near the national park. If you can't handle spicy food, make sure you make your requirements clear when you order!
Here are some local Zhangjiajie restaurants for your reference:
We want to assure you that when you visit Zhangjiajie, there are plenty of Western and other options for food if you find the cuisine unpalatable. To relieve your concerns, be aware that Western food is served at the international hotels also. There is a McDonald's near Tianzishan for example.
What we can do for you: Our travel advisors can help you book hotels with the best western food, and our guides can help customers to find the best local restaurants and take you to them. We can also pack suitable snacks/lunch for national park touring.
Food-wise and for many other reasons, in Zhangjiajie it is better to travel with a local travel guide who can recommend restaurants and order dishes according to your requirements.
Here are our most popular customizable Zhangjiajie tour ideas: